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Simple Present Tense

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When to use ?
We use the simple present tense when an action is happening right now, or when it happens regularly or unceasingly. It is also used for things that are always / generally true.

Depending on the person, the simple present tense is formed by using the root form or by adding ‑s or ‑es to the end.

Forming the Simple Present Tense
  • First-person singular: I read
  • Second-person singular: You read
  • Third-person singular: He/she/it reads (note the 's')
  • First-person plural: We read
  • Second-person plural: You read
  • Third-person plural: They read
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Rules for 's' and 'es'

For a few verbs, the third-person singular ends with -es instead of -s. Generally, these are verbs whose root form ends in o, ch, sh, th, ss, gh, or z.
For example
  • pass =>  passes
  • catch =>  catches 
  • fix =>  fixes
  • push =>  pushes
Verbs ending in -y : the third person changes the -y to -ies if there is a consonant before the -y
For example
  • fly => flies
  • cry => cries
Verbs ending in -y : the third person changes the -y to -ys if there is a vowel before the -y
For example
  • play => plays 
  • pray => prays
Simple Present Negative
You do not drink tea.
  • do/does + not + [root form of verb]. 
Simple Present Interrogative
Do you drink tea ?
  • do/does + [subject] + [root form of verb]
He/she/it => does
I/You/We/They => do

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