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Showing posts with label English Grammar. Show all posts

Simple Past Tense

The simple past is a verb tense that is used to talk about things that happened or existed before now (a completed action). The simple past tense shows that you are talking about something that has already happened.
Sponsored Ads Forming the simple past tense 
Affirmative
  • Subject + verb + ed  
  • I walked.
Negative
  • Subject + did not + infinitive without to
  • They didn't come.
Interrogative
  • Did + subject + infinitive without to
  • Did she arrive?
Interrogative negative
  • Did not+ subject + infinitive without to
  • Didn't you play? 
Irregular verbs
  • Put: Put 
  • Cut: Cut 
  • Set: Set 
  • Cost: Cost 
  • Hit: Hit

Simple Present Tense

When to use ?
We use the simple present tense when an action is happening right now, or when it happens regularly or unceasingly. It is also used for things that are always / generally true.

Depending on the person, the simple present tense is formed by using the root form or by adding ‑s or ‑es to the end.

Forming the Simple Present Tense
  • First-person singular: I read
  • Second-person singular: You read
  • Third-person singular: He/she/it reads (note the 's')
  • First-person plural: We read
  • Second-person plural: You read
  • Third-person plural: They read
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Rules for 's' and 'es'

For a few verbs, the third-person singular ends with -es instead of -s. Generally, these are verbs whose root form ends in o, ch, sh, th, ss, gh, or z.
For example
  • pass =>  passes
  • catch =>  catches 
  • fix =>  fixes
  • push =>  pushes
Verbs ending in -y : the third person changes the -y to -ies if there is a consonant before the -y
For example
  • fly => flies
  • cry => cries
Verbs ending in -y : the third person changes the -y to -ys if there is a vowel before the -y
For example
  • play => plays 
  • pray => prays
Simple Present Negative
You do not drink tea.
  • do/does + not + [root form of verb]. 
Simple Present Interrogative
Do you drink tea ?
  • do/does + [subject] + [root form of verb]
He/she/it => does
I/You/We/They => do

Article in english grammar

Articles are words that define a noun as specific or unspecific which may be a person, place, object, or idea.

Definite Article : the

Indefinite Articles : a, an

Examples: an onion, a car, a pen, a man, an apple, the sun, the earth, the Ganges.

Articles MCQ Test
English Grammar Article Quiz

Test 1 : Give Test 1

Test 2 : Give Test 2

Test 3 : Give Test 3

Test 4 : Give Test 4

Test 5 : Give Test 5
  •  “a” is used for countable (singular) nouns starting with a consonant or a vowel which sounds like consonant.
  • “an” is used for countable (singular) nouns starting with a vowel or consonant that sounds like vowel
  • Before a countable noun which refers to major group of things. 
  • For expression of quantities and expression of numbers like a lot,a few, a dozen, a million, a thousand, etc.
  • For a name of some profession for example an engineer, a doctor, etc.
  • Before a noun in exclamatory sentences for example What a day it was !
  • Cannot be used before uncountable nouns for example milk, water, etc.
  • “The” is used for both singular and plural nouns.
  • Used for the names of the organizations for example the WHO.
  • Used in superlatives degrees for example the best,  the most, etc.
  • Use THE with nouns modified by ranking or ordering expressions such as "the first", "the second", "the next", "the last",etc.
  • We use article "the" when we talk about something more certain for example the dog.